Latin names: Thunnus alalunga
Common Names: Tuna
Wild Caught - Australia
- Commonwealth Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery (708t 2012)
- Commonwealth Western Tuna and Billfish Fishery (14t 2012)
Albacore tuna is a highly migratory species, fished throughout its range in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans and in the Mediterranean Sea. The amber 'Eat Less' ranking is the result of an assessment of the Australian fisheries that catch albacore tuna.
The stock structure of albacore tuna is complicated, as there are a number of different stocks in the Pacific and Indian Oceans that are targeted by a range of different countries. Scientists have assessed that the stocks of albacore tuna taken in Australian managed fisheries operating on the eastern and western coastlines are healthy.
Albacore tuna are caught using longlines in Australian waters. Threatened species not necessary targeted but caught incidentally on the longlines include shortfin mako sharks and green turtles. The available research indicates that the bycatch of sharks is not likely to be resulting in declines to the populations of these species based on stable catch records from the fishery (this measure is commonly used by fisheries scientists as a measure of whether the abundance of a species is declining). However, there is a need for better understanding of many shark species populations.
Management actions to reduce the impact of fishing on vulnerable marine wildlife include limits on the amount of sharks that can be kept for sale and modifications to fishing gear to allow larger sharks to break free. Turtles are often released alive.