Latin names: Mugil cephalus
Common Names: Mullet
Wild Caught - Australia
- NSW Estuary General Fishery, Ocean Hauling Fishery (2,328t in 2015)
- WA West Coast Nearshore and Estuarine Finfish Resource (WCNEFR), which includes five sub-fisheries (200t in 2015)
- QLD East Coast Inshore Fin Fish Fishery (1,687t in 2016-17)
In NSW, QLD and WA, all of the indicators these fisheries use to monitor stocks of sea mullet suggest that stocks are healthy; recent catches are similar to levels recorded in long-term fishery catch records. Although sea mullet is a relatively fast growing species with a low vulnerability to overfishing, the last stock assessments in NSW and QLD were conducted over a decade ago and require updating.
Fishing for sea mullet generally takes place in estuaries and in nearshore locations using various types of nets, all of which have a low impact on habitats. As fishers are present at the nets during fishing, any endangered wildlife caught can be released alive. In NSW and WA, it is also likely that the fisheries have a low catch of threatened and protected species based on previous independent observer records of bycatch. Minor interactions with seabirds have been reported by independent scientific observers and in fisheries logbooks in NSW; updates to independent observer reports are required as information is outdated. Minimal interactions with endangered wildlife have been reported in WA and high interactions are unlikely, although this information requires verification with independent observer coverage.
In QLD, Interactions with turtles have been recorded, and interactions with dugongs and sharks are likely in these coastal fisheries. There is a current lack of information on bycatch across the geographical range of the fishery. However, as fishers are present at the nets during fishing, any endangered wildlife caught can be released alive.
The fisheries operating in NSW also catch mulloway, which is overfished in NSW. The WA fisheries catch Australian herring, which is also overfished. Management plans are in place to reduce the take of both species although it is unclear if these measures are proving effective at allowing mulloway and herring to rebuild. The fisheries are unlikely to be significantly affecting the health of the populations of either species. However, if improvements to mulloway and Australian herring stocks are not apparent during the next assessment, it is likely to result in a downgrading to an amber ‘Think Twice’ rating.